Building Envelope Design Guide – Introduction | WBDG

Jacki Roig

Introduction

Intended Audience and Subject Matter

The National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS)–under contract from the Army Corps of Engineers, the Naval Facilities Engineering Command, the US Air Force, the General Services Administration, the Department of Energy, and the Federal Emergency Management Agency—has developed this comprehensive federal guide for exterior envelope design and construction for institutional/office buildings.

The scope covers buildings constructed of steel, reinforced concrete, reinforced masonry and reinforced concrete masonry units and includes low-rise, mid-rise and high rise buildings. Typical buildings include administration (office) buildings of all sizes, from a small one-story base administration building to a twenty-story inner city agency office facility. Other building types include firehouses and police facilities, courthouses, military residences, many types of laboratories, various types of education buildings, hospitals, extended care facilities, clinics and many types of recreational buildings. Special use buildings such as airplane hangers, testing facilities, and stadiums, single family residences

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Lighting Design | WBDG – Whole Building Design Guide

Jacki Roig

Introduction

History

While observing lines of dirt and debris frozen in a glacier, the British physicist, John Tyndall noted in 1860 that more light on an object did not necessarily increase its visibility. Despite this observation, cheap and abundant electricity led to lighting design in the mid twentieth century that meant little more than sizing branch circuits large enough to safely deliver power to the light bulbs. A philosophy of, “More light, better sight” summarized the approach to architectural lighting. Lighting control was unnecessary as illuminated (but empty) buildings defined the nighttime city skylines.

Opportunity

Recognizing perhaps what John Tyndall observed over 150 years ago, the relatively new lighting design profession takes a more refined approach to providing visibility for the occupants and enhancing architectural forms rather than flooding a space with light. The approach also represents an enormous business opportunity in the form of energy savings in new and

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Duplex House, Floor, & Home Building Plans

Jacki Roig

Here at Building Designs by Stockton we are able to provide award wining Duplex plan designs. These floor plans will feature styles from Traditional, Modern, Contemporary Craftsman, Bungalow, Victorian, Spanish/Mediterranean, Colonial, and Brownstone designs. These Duplex units are available in one, two, three, and four bedrooms. Our floor plans will provide efficient use of the space allowed for the square footage used. Our units vary in depth and width with the narrowest units starting at 12′-8″ wide. Many of these Duplex Plans will offer attached garages with some offering rear alley garage access. Please feel free to call us here at Building Designs by Stockton if you would like additional units added or deleted to the specific plans you may be interested in. We would be more than happy to discuss these changes with you.

Pre-Designed Plan Modifications: If small floor plan changes, such as enlarging a floor plan, modifying

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The Interior Design Building

Jacki Roig

Situated centrally in what is arguably the nations prime district for interior design, the 110 year-old Interior Design Building is home to some of the most celebrated interior design and antique merchants in the country. The seven floor property is located on the affluent Upper East Side of Manhattan, and caters to those who demand the highest quality décor and antiques.

More About Us

As some of the most distinguished antiques and interior design collectors and merchants in America, the merchants of the Interior Design Building set a precedent within the market. Each merchant showcases a distinctive and desirable collection, offering amongst the highest quality in the Nation.

Find a Merchant

By housing merchants of similar specific interest and superior quality in the same seven floor building, space in the Interior Design Building offers more than just the advantages of prime location, an aesthetic environment and market proximity. Each antique

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Energy-Efficient Building Design

Jacki Roig


Building logo

When asked to describe characteristics of an energy-efficient building, most might list the following: well-insulated walls, a ventilated roof with a thick layer of insulation over the ceiling, quality windows with low-E glass, and a high-efficiency heating and cooling system. Surprisingly, many buildings with these features experience higher than anticipated utility bills, elevated levels of moisture or indoor air pollutants, and premature deterioration caused by moisture accumulation in walls and roofs. Why is this happening and what can be done to avoid these problems?

RULES FOR ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDING

RULE #1: Seal all joints in the building shell. It doesn’t make sense to invest in well-insulated walls and ceilings yet do little to block air flow around and through the insulated cavities. Wood-to-wood and drywall-to-wood joints in the exterior shell of a building are not airtight and should be sealed with gaskets, foams, caulks, or air barrier films. The illustration Air

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Green Architecture: What Makes a Structure a “Living Building”?

Jacki Roig

Dear EarthTalk: I recently heard the term “living building”. Can you explain?
—Rebecca Gordon, Seattle, WA

Over the past couple of decades, architects and builders looking to green their projects turned to the addition of various piecemeal elements to save water here or cut down on electricity there. Those who added more than a few green touches could apply for and get certified by the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) under its Leadership in Energy and Efficient Design (LEED) program. While these efforts have been laudable—essentially launching the green building industry as we know it today—they represent merely the infancy of what green building might someday become.

The concept of the “living building” has now emerged as a new ideal for design and construction. The Cascadia Region Green Building Council (CRGBC)—the Pacific Northwest chapter of the USGBC—defines a living building as a structure that “generates all of its own

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Exterior Building Enclosures: Design Process and Composition for Innovative Facades

Jacki Roig

Acknowledgments v

Chapter 1 Basics 1

Understanding the Basics 1

Process 2

Definition 2

Functions 3

Elements and Forces on the Exterior Enclosure 23

Design Principles 43

Basic Types 51

Interfaces of Enclosure Types 52

Summary 53

Chapter 2 Participants 55

Owner 58

Architect 62

Engineers 67

Design Team Resources: Material Suppliers, System Fabricators, and Specialty Fabricators 76

Builders 79

Summary 85

Chapter 3 Design Process 87

Step 1: Define and Establish Enclosure Goals 87

Step 2: Enclosure Concepts 89

Step 3: Research, Collection, and Analysis 92

Step 4: Schematic Design/Design Development: Enclosure System Development 97

Schematic Design 98

Design Development 105

Step 5: Construction Documents 117

Summary 134

Chapter 4 Construction 135

Step 6: Construction Process 135

Bidding or Tender: The Step In-Between 137

Paper Stage of Construction 139

Enclosures Detailed Primarily by the Architect 142

“Bricks and Mortar”Stage 144

Summary 149

Chapter 5 Brick Masonry 151

Overview 151

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35 Cool Building Facades Featuring Unconventional Design Strategies

Jacki Roig

The facade of a building is the first clue that tells us that structure has something special to offer. A cool facade is the representation of the architect’s creative vision and desire to desire to impress with something unique and out of the ordinary. With so many things that could stand out, you can always look forward to unexpected surprises.

View in gallery

View in gallery

House 77 is a private home located in Portugal and designed by dIONISO LAB. It’s tall and narrow, squeezed in between two existing buildings and it has a facade covered by aluminum venetian blinds.

View in gallery

The white shutters are placed at a fixed angle and allow the upstairs rooms to offer views of the surroundings while also maintaining a sense of privacy.

View in gallery

View in gallery

Designed by x Architekten, this hair salon has a facade meant to act as

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Exterior Building Design & Specifications

Jacki Roig


Exterior Building Design & Specifications provide the analysis, design, and
project administration services required to obtain the most appropriate and
cost-effective solution to our client’s building exterior problems.  The
complexity and number of potential solutions available to address deficiencies
and/or failures of exterior building waterproofing systems makes
selecting a cost feasible solution a daunting task.  IRS Exterior
Building Design & Specification services provide building owners and
managers with proven, cost efficient solutions.  IRS provides its clients
with a diagnoses of the deficiencies, then offers multiple solutions,
balancing cost, effectiveness, longevity and aesthetics.



  • Research & Diagnostics: 
    A complete analysis of the existing system is completed to define the
    scope of work required, including confirmation of the diagnosis and development of methods to fact
    check potential solutions.

  • System Selection: 
    Potential systems are reviewed and
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Interior Design | WBDG – Whole Building Design Guide

Jacki Roig

Introduction

Interior design concerns itself with more than just the visual or ambient enhancement of an interior space; it seeks to optimize and harmonize the uses to which the built environment will be put. Thus, in the words of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, it is “practical, aesthetic, and conducive to intended purposes, such as raising productivity, selling merchandise, or improving life style.” Interior design is a practice that responds to changes in the economy, organization, technology, demographics, and business goals of an organization.

As a human activity, interior design is centuries old. As a coherent profession identified by the label “interior designer,” it is relatively recent. Many experts trace its beginnings to the early 20th century and the rise of interior decoration as a career separate from architecture. In the early decades, this practice focused largely on the residential arena. By the 1940s, the terms “interior design” and

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